Childhood-ObesityBalance is very important when it comes to maintenance of health in a child. There has to be a balance between the calories that are taken with the ones that are used in physical health and growth. It is important for the guardian to talk to a health practitioner before putting the child on a diet for weight reduction.

Whether the child is obese or at risk of overweight, the following tips will help to get things in the right track.

Have annual well-child appointments

The child should be taken to the doctor at least once per year. These visits will ensure that the child is growing well and it will also prevent obesity. The doctor will calculate the height and weight of the child to get the body mass index (BMI) as this helps to know whether the child is obese. When the BMI is high or the percentile rank is high, it indicates that the child is at a risk of getting obesity.

Setting an example

It is important for the guardian and the parents to take a healthy diet so that the child can follow in these footsteps. The guardian is also encouraged to exercise regularly and then invite the child in this healthy living.

Avoid power struggles related to food

The parent can unintentionally lay the ground battles for withholding or providing certain foods to the child. This can occur in cases where the guardian uses sweets as a reward or keeping them away as a form of punishment. The general rule is that food should not be used for rewarding or punishing the child.

Emphasize and highlight on the positive things

The guardian can encourage a healthy lifestyle by highlighting on the positive things in the child. This can be done by playing outside the house as this is a form of exercise or taking a variety of fruits. The child should be taught on the positive impacts of healthy living. For example exercise does not only help to prevent obesity but it also helps to make the lungs, muscles and heart stronger. The child should also be encouraged to take food only when hungry to avoid overeating just because of boredom. It is also advisable to make the favorite dishes of the child healthier by making few changes to the diet.

Exercise patience with the child

Most children who are overweight tend to grow into the extra pounds as they grow taller. The guardian should avoid having all the focus on the eating habits of the child and the weight as putting too much pressure on the child can backfire. This can make the child to overeat and this means that they would become more prone to obesity.

Maintain personal responsibility

Obesity is likely to occur in the other family members. In cases where the guardian wants to lose weight, the child will also be motivated to lose. Taking part in exercise together with the child is a good motivation for both and the child will not feel pressured. The guardian should not expect the child to do what they are unwilling to do.


Young woman tripping over stepResearch has shown that falls is a major cause of injuries and disability in some cases. Thousands of Americans who are older are reported to fall at home. Falls can be caused by electrical cords that lie on the floor, rickety stairs and slippery floors. Prevention of falls starts with having a living space that is safe. This does not involve remodeling the whole house or making major alterations but it can be achieved by few changes that are basic.

The following tips will help to prevent falls at home:

One of the most important things to do towards prevention of falls is to remove anything that can cause one to slip or fall. Tripping on small furniture, clutter, phone or electrical cords and pet bowls can cause one to easily fall. Slick floors and slipping on door mats or rugs can also cause one to fall and therefore these things should be kept safely. The path which is used to walk from one room to another should be kept free of furniture and other objects that can easily cause one to fall. In cases where one has to go round furniture to be able to access a room, this means that the furniture should be moved to make the path clear.

It is advisable to put strips that are non-slippery on the stairs and the floor. This is very important especially on the floor of the shower and the bathtub as these areas are very slippery. These things can be bought in a hardware store, a center for homes or even on

It is advisable to avoid walking on wet floors and areas which have spills. Any spill on the floor should be cleaned immediately.

It is advisable to be careful when one is walking outdoors and one should avoid walking alone on snow or ice. One can easily slip on the icy stairs, slick sidewalk and this can cause serious injuries. It is advisable to spread salt or sand on the surfaces that are icy during winter. Wearing boots will help to provide a good traction in cases where one has to go out in the snow. However, it is recommended that one should not take chances by walking on slippery and icy surfaces.

Poor lighting while one is outdoors and indoors can also increase the fall hazard. One should make sure that there is good lighting at the entrances of each room, walkways and inside the rooms. It is advisable to use the light bulbs with a high wattage that will ensure there is enough lighting. The light switches that are located on the bottom and top parts of the stairs should be lit and they should provide a good lighting.

In cases where one is using a night light, they should be kept in the hallways, kitchen, bedroom and the bathroom. A flash light should always be kept at the bed side in case one wants to get out and the power is off.

One should have handrails on both sides of the walkways and the stairs. In cases where one has to carry something while walking down or up the stairs, it is advisable to hold the rails with one hand and the object with the other hand.


Girl has a sore throatThe major cause of chocking in children is exploration and this is done by putting various materials in their mouth. Most of the cases of chocking that have been reported are caused by toys, food and other materials that lodge in the small airway of the child.

The following tips will help to prevent chocking in children:


Children should be encouraged to sit when they are eating. Playing around when the child is eating may cause the child to choke easily. The child should also be encouraged to chew food thoroughly and this should be supervised until the child gets used to it. The guardian is to be vigilant when attending adult parties where foods like nuts that can easily choke the child are easily accessible. The house should be cleaned well and the floor should be free of these foods as the child can easily pick something from the floor and put it into the mouth.

Children should not be allowed to play sports, ride or run while having foods in their mouth that can easily choke them. This includes foods like candy, lollipops and gum.

It is important to read the labels from the manufactures on the foods that are bought to know the risks that are associated with these foods.

The children who are below 4 years should not be given any hard or smooth foods that can completely or partially block their windpipe. These foods include berries, popcorn, hard candy, watermelon with seeds present, sunflower seeds and raw peas, carrots and celery.

Some other types of soft foods are likely to cause chocking and should be avoided include hot dogs, grapes, caramels, sausages and cheese cubes. These soft foods can be given to the child after cutting them into small pieces.

Small objects like balloons and toys

The floor, rugs and other surfaces in the house where the child can be able to reach should be checked for small objects that could easily choke the baby. This includes objects like safety pin, small balls, coins, balloons, bolts, screws, nails, marbles, batteries, broken crayons erasers.

It is important to follow the guidelines from the manufactures when buying toys for children in different ages. Some of the toys that are sold may have parts that may easily choke the child and therefore the guardian should be vigilant.

Machine toys for vending should not be bought for small children. This is because they do not meet the regulations for safety despite the fact that they contain small parts that can easily choke a child.

The toys should be checked for parts that are loose or broken for example a loose eye or a broken hinge.

The older children should be made aware of keeping small toys or parts of them in areas where the younger ones cannot easily access them.

All batteries especially the small ones that are used for watches should be disposed off safely. All objects that are breakable and small which can fit in the mouth of the child easily should be kept safely. This includes the small magnets that are used on the refrigeration.